CBD and Industrial Hemp

Cannabidiol is the primary cannabinoid of fibre cannabis or industrial hemp. Both hemp and marijuana come from the same cannabis species, but are genetically distinct and have different uses, chemical makeup, and cultivation methods. Hemp is one of the oldest domesticated crops known to man. It has been used for paper, textiles, and cordage for thousands of years. The oldest relic of human industry is a scrap of hemp fabric dating back to approximately 8,000 BC.

In fibre cannabis CBD is present in concentrations in the range of about .5 to 3 THC) for the production of fibre.

leaves of cannabis, balls of yarn and bottle with oil on canvas

The fibers and stalks serve as raw material for hemp clothing, construction materials, paper, biofuel, plastic composites, and more. Hemp seeds are used in the production of hemp seed oil, a high-quality vegetable oil. The oil from its seeds and flowers are used in health foods, organic body care, and other nutraceuticals. In recent years there is increasing interest in the therapeutic potential of CBD, which causes no psychotropic effects. Only a few clinical studies have been conducted so far, but basic research suggests a potential therapeutic use in a large number of diseases and symptoms.

Cannabinoids

Cannabinoids are a group of compounds found in the cannabis flower. When consumed, cannabinoids mimic the body’s naturally occurring endocannabinoids, which help to maintain the body’s health and homeostasis. There are over 60 cannabinoids in cannabis, classified into two broad categories: psychoactive and non-psychoactive. CBD is the most abundant cannabinoid and constitutes roughly 40% of cannabis resin. As with other cannabinoids, there are several cannabinoids of the CBD type, of which the phenolic (neutral) form is referenced when we talk about CBD.

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